What is Stomach Cancer?
Stomach cancer is an abnormal growth of cells that begins within the stomach. Stomach cancer, also referred to as gastric cancer, can affect any a part of the stomach. In most of the cases, stomach cancers form within the main a part of the stomach.
But in several other cases, stomach cancer is more likely to affect the area where the long tube (oesophagus) that carries food you swallow meets the stomach. This area is called the gastroesophageal junction. Treatment usually includes surgery to get rid of the stomach cancer. Other treatments could also be recommended before and after surgery.
It's not clear what causes stomach cancer, though research has identified many factors which will increase the danger.
Doctors know that stomach cancer begins when a cell within the stomach develops changes in its DNA. A cell's DNA contains the instructions that tell the cell what to try to do. The changes tell the cell to grow quickly and to continue living when healthy cells would die. The accumulating cells form a tumor which will invade and destroy healthy tissue. With time, cells can break off and spread (metastasize) to other areas of the body.
Factors that increase the danger of stomach cancer include:
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease
- A diet high in salty and smoked foods
- A diet low in fruits and vegetables
- Family history of stomach cancer
- Infection with Helicobacter pylori
- Long-term stomach inflammation (gastritis)
- Stomach polyps
To reduce the danger of stomach cancer, you can:
- Maintain a healthy weight: If you're overweight or obese, ask your doctor about strategies to assist you reduce. Aim for a slow and steady weight loss of 1 or 2 pounds every week.
- Choose a diet filled with fruits and vegetables: Try to incorporate more fruits and vegetables into your diet every day. Choose a good sort of colourful fruits and vegetables.
- Reduce the quantity of salty and smoked foods you eat: Protect your stomach by limiting these foods.
- Stop smoking: If you smoke, quit. If you don't smoke, don't start. Smoking increases your risk of stomach cancer, as well as many other types of cancer. Quitting smoking are often very difficult, so ask your doctor for help.
- Ask your doctor about your risk of stomach cancer:Talk together with your doctor if you've got an increased risk of stomach cancer. People with a robust case history of stomach cancer might consider tests, like endoscopy, to seem for signs of stomach cancer.
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