Ovarian cancer may be a sort of cancer that begins within the ovaries. The female genital system contains two ovaries, one on all sides of the uterus. The ovaries — each about the size of an almond — produce eggs (ova) as well as the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Ovarian cancer often goes undetected until it has spread within the pelvis and abdomen. At this late stage, ovarian cancer is more difficult to treat. Early-stage ovarian cancer, in which the disease is confined to the ovary, is more likely to be treated successfully.
Symptoms Early-stage ovarian cancer rarely causes any symptoms. Advanced-stage ovarian cancer may cause few and nonspecific symptoms that are often mistaken for more common benign conditions.
Signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer may include:
- Abdominal bloating or swelling
- Quickly feeling full when eating
- Weight loss
- Discomfort in the pelvis area
- Changes in bowel habits, such as constipation
- A frequent need to urinate
It's not clear what causes ovarian cancer, though doctors have identified factors that can increase the risk of the disease.In general, cancer begins when a cell develops errors (mutations) in its DNA. The mutations tell the cell to grow and multiply quickly, creating a mass (tumor) of abnormal cells. The abnormal cells continue living when healthy cells would die. They can invade nearby tissues and break off from an initial tumor to spread elsewhere in the body (metastasize).
Types of Ovarian Cancer
The type of cell where the cancer begins determines the type of ovarian cancer you have. Ovarian cancer types include: Epithelial tumors, which begin in the thin layer of tissue that covers the outside of the ovaries. About 90 percent of ovarian cancers are epithelial tumors. Stromal tumors, which begin in the ovarian tissue that contains hormone-producing cells. These tumors are usually diagnosed at an earlier stage than other ovarian tumors. About 7 percent of ovarian tumors are stromal. Germ cell tumors, which begin in the egg-producing cells. These rare ovarian cancers tend to occur in younger women.
OneSmarterHealth is a pre-eminent cancer portal which helps you to connect with the best cancer consultants from the top 10 cancer hospitals in the USA. By clicking directly, you will get a second opinion and online consultation from the reputed oncologists in the USA.
So, what are you waiting for? Visit the website of OneSmarterHealth and connect with them for a second opinion from an US-based doctor. Your one simple step can bring a smile to your loved ones.